report defines leadership literature, and how it has changed in the recent past to where it is today. Contained is also a
depth analysis of Contingency theories of Leadership, this theories include Path-Goal theory of leadership, Situational leadership
model and Fieldler’s contingency model which will be discussed on they have influenced the way leaders lead.
brief history outlining how I have experienced leadership though my grandfather is also outline. As a person with strong religious
believes who believe that leaders are born he also instils the fact that we are who we choose to be. The report contains my
own personal experience into leadership, and how I changed to adapt to the position, and problems faced and how I overcame
is also an self analyses on my leadership qualities and weakness, this analysis was done though questionnaire which was filled
by my friends and workmates, suggesting what industries I would best be ale to axel in given my leadership traits
is a process by which one influences people and provides an environment for them to achieve their objectives (Mcshane S. &
Travaglione T page 466). Leaders are able to carry out this process by applying their leadership attributes,
such as beliefs, values, ethics, character, knowledge, and skills.
many year it was believed that leaders were born but the truth is that if you can learn how to play chess or do maths so can
you learn how to lead .The recent leadership literature identifies seven competencies that are characteristics of an of an
effective leader, this are drive, leadership motivation, emotional intelligence, intelligence, knowledge of the business,
and self confidence (Mcshane S.& Travaglione T page 468).
the past many leaders inherited leadership positions such as kings, or heads of family business. Others are elected like a
chairman, political leaders. Some are appointed for example a coach, and others just happen to be there when a situations
arrises, and needs leadership
Perspective of Leadership
This is based on the idea that appropriate leadership style depend on the situation.
(Mcshane S.& Travaglione T page 472) These contingency theories include
i. Path-Goal theory of leadership
theory has its origin from the expectancy theory of motivation its states that effective leaders influence employees performance
and satisfaction by ensuring that employees who perform their best have a higher degree of need fulfilment than the employees
who don’t perform as much. This is theory has withstood scientific critique
better than the others.
ii. Situational leadership model
is the most common contingency theory among trainers. It was developed by Paul Hersey and Ken Blanchard, and states that effective
leaders will vary their style with the readiness off the followers this model also identifies four leadership style- delegating,
selling, participating and selling.
iii. Fieldler’s contingency model
This was the earliest contingency
theory developed by Fred Fiedler and his associates. Biased on this model a leaders effectiveness depends on whether a persons
leadership style is appropriately matched to his situation (Mcshane S.& Travaglione T page 476), this model suggested
that the best way to lead depends on the influence and the degree of power a leader posses in a given circumstance.
IN OUR FAMILY
grandfather is a father of eleven children and as a school teacher he managed to afford to give all his children a university
education, none of which would have been possible without his leadership. His leadership started very early, as a young boy
his parents passed away and was left taking care of his young brothers and sisters and at the same time go to a missionary
school, I remember him telling me that he had to wake his siblings at five in am two hours before they go to school and go
and dig in the farm, and had delegated each one their work after school.
finishing his collage, he became a headmaster of a school in his early twenties, and instilled the importance of education
not only to his children, but also the community during a time they didn’t see the importance of education and even
offered to pay school fees for some children at a time he dint have much to spare He took one boy whose parents couldn’t
afford school fees and agreed to pay his fees on condition the boy worked for him during school holidays. This boy grew to
be a Major General in the Kenyan army and ten years as a Kenyan ambassador to Australia.
grandfather has gained admiration by many for his hard work, honesty, compassion, humility, all his traits can mostly me attributed
to his strong religious believes. He has been elected in many school boards, and function committee. He may not have the title
of a leader but though his influence over other I have see him accomplish a lot like building of schools, churches, and helping
a lot of people financially, mediating, among other thing. Although my grand farther is a strong Christian who believe that
leaders are born he himself believes that we are who we choose to be and what we do today will determine who we are in future.
EXPERIENCE IN A LEADESHIP POSISION
my last year of primary school I was nominated as the deputy head boy. Being selected was more of a popularity contest than
being nominated for the right reason, although I think more integrity than the other students who had been nominated for the
position. Due to the fact that I was deputy head boy I was selected to be a class monitor. In class my duties included controlling
noise in class in the absence of a teacher, and collecting home work books from the students in the morning and taking them
to the teachers, among other duties.
a student who got along with everybody not only in my class but in I the whole school as well. This worked to my advantage
In that most people viewed me as their friend and listened to my instructions. I was also considered one of the tough boys
in my school and not many would question me, as noted with other female monitors. During my leadership, I had to modify my
behaviour as a mistake on my part would lead to other not listening to me, and at times found it difficult to make decisions
as the quality of the decision was influence a lot by its acceptance.
a leader I was put under too much pressure because a lot was expected from me, and to some extend this took fun out of my
life. I was expected to lead by example this meant I had to be punctual, finish my homework on time, silent in class, and
also to tell on my fellow students if they did anything, this was the hardest bit as I had also to show my friends that I
was one of them and that they could trust me. When I look back I didn’t do I know I should have told on them as that
was he write thing but still even now I still don’t think I would sell out my friends, although I might warn them against
what they are doing.
ANALYSIS OF MY LEADERSHIP SKILL
Using a few questionnaires from a few websites
I found that as I new before that I got leadership traits, and also they indicated that I shouldn’t try to please many
people as his will hinder my judgement a decision making process. It was clear that I like involving my group members in my
decision and this might be a sign of lack of confidence.
ON MY LEADERSHIP ABILITY
conducting a self analysis I prepare a questionnaire with the following questions,
- What leadership traits do I posses?
- What industry would best suit me?
- What are my leadership strengths?
- What are my leadership weaknesses?
my workmates and friends to fill them with sincerity although I didn’t expect them to be 100% accurate. The questionnaire
was quite clear although some found difficulties in differentiating between the leadership traits and leadership strengths.
that the interviewed people found me very social, a good communicator, fair trustworthy, and a hard worker. It was clear that
whatever industry I was to get into would be because of my socialising abilities with three out of four suggesting that I
should look for a human resource job because am a peoples people. Although I showed potential signs of leadership noted from
the questionnaire is that I tried to please everyone and when It cane to had decision I might not make them avoiding to hurt
we were to ask a construction worker if s/he was a leader they would they are not, because they don’t have the traits
and the title but as long as you can influence people to do something then you are a leader. As my grand farther would say
we are who we want to be and what we do today will determine who we will be in the future, so with that in mind anybody with
commonsense can be a leader
Mcshane, S& Travaglione (2003) Organisational Behaviour on the pacific
rim McGraw-hill Australia
G. (2002). Leadership in Organizations (5th ed). Upper Saddle River:
Prentice Hall International.
http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/bm_model.html retrieved on 20/01/2007