“Leadership is all about getting people to work
together to make things happen that might not otherwise occur or to prevent things from happening that would ordinarily take
place.” (Rosenbach & Taylor, 2006).
Leadership is not
hierarchical, top-down, or based on positional power and authority, although effective managers must practice good leadership
and effective leaders must possess managerial skills, leadership is not management or some part or principle of it, in order
for one to understand leadership, one must understand its essential nature, that is, the process of the leader and followers
engaging in reciprocal influence to achieve a shared purpose,
It is important to understand the difference between leadership and management;
Management is an explicit set of techniques and tools such as planning, budgeting and controlling, whereas Leadership deals
with change and motivation and ultimately involves having a vision of what an organisation can be. (Dubrin & Dalglish,
leaders Born or made?
The most dangerous leadership myth is that leaders are born-that there is a genetic factor to leadership. This myth asserts that people simply either have certain charismatic qualities
or not. That's nonsense; in fact, the opposite is true. Leaders are made rather
- Warren G. Bennis
According to DeVos & Andel (1980) “The challenge of leadership
is to be strong, but not rude; be kind, but not weak; be bold, but not bully; be thoughtful, but not lazy; be humble, but
not timid; be proud, but not arrogant; have humor, but without folly” In this case being I refer Leaders like Nelson
Mandela who was in jail for twenty-seven years as
a great leader because of his patience, strength and proud,
he knew he had the traits of leadership and no matter how much time he spent in jail, he still had the confidence
and capacity of leading South Africa, solving the problems of apartheid and freedom.
Profile of an Exemplary Leader
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born in a mud hut in a village near Umtata
in Transkei South Africa on July 18, 1918. His father was the Tribal Chief of Thembuland and after his father’s death;
the young Rolihlahla became the Paramount Chief's ward to be groomed to assume high office. However, influenced by the cases
that came before the Chief's court, he was determined to become a lawyer. After hearing the elders' stories of his ancestor's
valor during the wars of resistance in defense of their fatherland, he dreamed also of making his own contribution to the
freedom struggle of his people.
After receiving a primary education at a local mission school, Nelson Mandela was sent to
Healdtown, a reputable Wesleyan secondary school where he matriculated. After leaving school he then enrolled at an all black
college, the University College of Fort Hare for a Bachelor of Arts Degree where he soon displayed his leadership qualities.
After being elected to the Student's Representative Council, Mandela started to live up to his Xhosa name Rolihlahla, meaning
"stirring up trouble", and joined a student boycott which resulted in his suspension from the college.
Nelson Mandela was released from prison on 11 February 1990, and he plunged wholeheartedly
into his life's work, striving to attain the goals he and others had set out almost four decades earlier. In 1994 Mandela
and the ANC started their campaign for the first all-race elections that the country ever had. In April, when the elections
occurred, the ANC won a majority and Mandela was appointed president, the first black president ever in South Africa! (Denenberg, 1995).